Word recognition in newborn children

A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study in which 40 healthy newborn children, 2 to 5 days of age, were tested for word recognition found that a hemodynamic response occurred in the left-frontal region of the brain when newborns were presented with a target word intermixed with another word, and in the right-frontal and right-parietal regions when newborns later listened to the target word, indicating that early lateralization of memory functions may support newborns’ ability to learn words when faced with varying inputs.

Article #16-17589: “Brain regions and functional interactions supporting early word recognition in the face of input variability,” by Silvia Benavides-Varela et al.