Human fertility and growth of agriculture

According to a study of 345 Palanan Agta, a group of indigenous foragers in the Philippines, nomadic Agta women who spend more time foraging than others have lower disease loads, child mortality rates, fertility rates, and reproductive success, findings that might help explain why populations increased during the Neolithic agricultural revolution despite concurrent increases in morbidity and mortality. - See at PNAS.org

Article #15-24031: “Reproductive trade-offs in extant hunter-gatherers suggest adaptive mechanism for the Neolithic expansion,” by Abigail E. Page et al.